High Speed Train as a Feeder for Air Transport

ICE_TrainIlse Terpstra and Mark G. Lijesen

Air transport and high speed trains (HST) are seen as competitors in short to medium range markets. Recently, the view of HST and air transport being complementary modes has emerged. This paper extends the literature by looking at the impact of high speed rail on airport competition, focusing on the new HST-link between Amsterdam and Brussels. We conduct a detailed analysis regarding the airport choice of passengers living in the catchment areas of these airports and compared the results with airport choice in Spain, where a HST is already running.

Air transport and high speed trains (HST) are seen as competitors in short to medium range markets.Recently, the view of HST and air transport being complementary modes has emerged. This paperextends the literature by looking at the impact of high speed rail on airport competition, focusing onthe new HST-link between Amsterdam and Brussels. We conduct a detailed analysis regarding the airport choice of passengers living in the catchment areas of these airports and compared the resultswith airport choice in Spain, where a HST is already running.

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High-Speed rail versus Air Competition in Spain

AVE Train SpainBy Juan Luis Jiménez and Ofelia Betancor

High-speed railway lines (HSR) in Spain have gradually increased during the last twenty years. At the beginning of 2010, four HSR lines were operating on routes where air transport used to be the dominant mode of transportation, connecting Madrid with other mainland cities in short-haul routes. In this article, we examine the air carriers’ reaction to these HSR entries into the market by using data at the route level from two perspectives: firstly, we test whether the high-speed rail links have changed the frequency that airlines offer; and secondly, we analyze how the market share of airlines in the total market (air plus rail) have changed. Results shows that intermodal competition in Spain ends up with trains as relative winners, leading to a reduction in the level of air frequencies to consumers and stimulating demand.
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4.3 – The Role of the Railway in the Future of Air Transport

By Moshe Givoni

givoniPolicymakers support substitution of air by rail services, which are usually promoted through competition between the modes. However, as the potential benefits from air-rail cooperation are greater than the benefits from air-rail competition, policymakers should promote integration instead of competition. Moshe Givoni explains why this is the case and what obstacles must be taken when developing successful intermodal policies.

4.2 – Air/Rail Intermodality in Europe: Experiences and Prospects

By Wolfgang Grimme

grimmeGrimme discusses the relevance and importance of air-rail intermodality and integration in Europe. Policymakers often demand better intermodal cooperation. But such cooperation is not always free of conflict, as air and rail may both compete and complement at the same time. Increasing intermodality and integration may require considerable public funding. However, as successful air-rail integration has proofed to reduce pollution and congestion on and around major airports, such an investment might be justified.

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