A Questionnaire Survey on the Impact of Alliances on Airline Operations

Regulatory restrictions on market access, ownership and control have pushed airlines toward the formation of strategic alliance groupings. Although alliance grouping is not the optimal solution, it does harness the airlines against the instability of the sector and enable them to reap as many benefits as possible. This questionnaire survey researches how airlines judge their alliances, given such dynamics in the airline industry, the current crisis caused by the slowdown in the economy, and the 11 th September events. More specifically, a study is conducted on how airlines perceive the impact of alliances on their operation in general and on passenger traffic in particular. In addition, we look to how different types of partnership agreements and different types of routes have affected the results, and if airlines of different size, operating from different region and belonging to different alliance groupings have been affected differently.

Regulatory restrictions on market access, ownership and control have pushed airlines toward the formation of strategic alliance groupings. Although alliance grouping is not the optimal solution, it does harness the airlines against the instability of the sector and enable them to reap as many benefits as possible. This questionnaire survey researches how airlines judge their alliances, given such dynamics in the airline industry, the current crisis caused by the slowdown in the economy, and the 11th September events. More specifically, a study is conducted on how airlines perceive the impact of alliances on their operation in general and on passenger traffic in particular. In addition, we look to how different types of partnership agreements and different types of routes have affected the results, and if airlines of different size, operating from different region and belonging to different alliance groupings have been affected differently.

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Slot Ownership and Leasing: Ideas for a Self-Implementing European Reform

Airport slot policy in the European Union remains controversial and intricately regulated. In January 1993, the first EC regulation of slots, Regulation 95/93, was adopted under the assumption that it would soon be reviewed and amended or replaced. Subsequently a number of efforts at amendment failed and others have stalled or remain in partial stages of completion. The legislative history could fill several volumes, and there have been dozens of volumes of studies along the way, as policymakers tried to bridge conflicting positions. This paper explores the idea of a different and more market-driven approach to slot ownership.

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Allocating Airport Slots: a Combinatorial Auction Mechnism

by Nicolas Gruyer and Nathalie Lenoir, ENAC France

Nicolas Gruyer and Nathalie Lenoir discuss the current allocation of slots on congested European airport. In their eyes the system of grandfather rights constitutes an obstacle to the effective liberalisation of air transportation undertaken in Europe. In this article they propose to use a market mechanism, based on temporary utilisation licences. In order to allocate those licences, the proposed system is based on a combinatorial auction mechanism where a percentage of licences would be reallocated each season. A
secondary market would also be set up in order to reallocate slots during a season. Since combinatorial auctions involve a complex optimisation procedure, we describe how it can be made to work in the case of auctions.

Nicolas Gruyer and Nathalie Lenoir discuss the current allocation of slots on congested European airport. In their eyes the system of grandfather rights constitutes an obstacle to the effective liberalisation of air transportation undertaken in Europe. In this article they propose to use a market mechanism, based on temporary utilisation licences. In order to allocate those licences, the proposed system is based on a combinatorial auction mechanism where a percentage of licences would be reallocated each season. A secondary market would also be set up in order to reallocate slots during a season. Since combinatorial auctions involve a complex optimisation procedure, we describe how it can be made to work in the case of auctions.

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Aircraft Noise Perception in Brazil: the Sao Paulo International Airport Case-Study

By Rogéria A.G. Eller, Ligia M. S. Urbina and Protógenes Pires Porto, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica – ITA

This research aims to evaluate the aircraft noise perception in the vicinity of the Sao Paulo International Airport – AISP/GRU (the biggest airport of South America). The relationship between aircraft noise perception and social class levels, are specifically studied. This relationship is expected to be positive. Since noise perception is an intangible variable, this study chose as a proxy the value
losses of residential properties, caused by aeronautical noise. The social class variable had been measured utilizing average per capita income of the population who live nearby the airport.

This research aims to evaluate the aircraft noise perception in the vicinity of the Sao Paulo International Airport – AISP/GRU (the biggest airport of South America). The relationship between aircraft noise perception and social class levels, are specifically studied. This relationship is expected to be positive. Since noise perception is an intangible variable, this study chose as a proxy the value losses of residential properties, caused by aeronautical noise. The social class variable had been measured utilizing average per capita income of the population who live nearby the airport.

Read PDF here.

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