Sustainable Infrastructure Development – A Socio-economic Impact Analysis of Airport Development in Vietnam

hanoiAirport operation and development in Southeast Asia is at a crossroads. In order to maintain high levels of socio-economic development and improve national competitiveness within an increasingly globalized economic system, governments throughout the region are investing heavily to modernize their outdated and frequently under-dimensioned aviation facilities. While these processes have been found to benefit countries at the national and regional level, the associated socio-economic impacts on people living in the vicinity of major airports have seldom been documented in academic literature.

The research uses a case study of Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi, Viet Nam, to examine how the access to available livelihood assets can influence the adaptability of local households to processes of change related to airport operation and development. Using surveys from airport employees and local residents, complimented by expert interviews, the research explores the airport-related socio-economic spillovers which reinforce vulnerability and marginalization among low-income households in Soc Son District. The aim of the research is to illustrate the need for innovative, context-specific, and sustainable models of airport development that can mitigate negative spillovers while fostering economic growth and sustainable development at the local level.

http://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/273541

A New Airport in Durban: Assessing the Direct Effects on the Local Population

Durban-1024x693In May 2010, the new King Shaka International Airport (KSIA) was opened in South Africa, an emerging economy for which integration into the world economy is an important objective. Being developed as part of a trade and investment hub, the new airport serves as a case for infrastructural mega-projects, of which many are increasingly built around the world to attract investors and generate economic growth. Their positive effects on society are however disputed. This article assesses the extent to which this new airport in Durban has directly benefited the local population in terms of employment generation and economic development.

Download PDF

Flight-to-Gate Assignment: Methods and Complexities at Different Planning Horizons

nagoya-300x221The flight-to-gate assignment problem is encountered by gate managers and capacity planners at airports in general on a periodic basis. The ‘sense of urgency’ for notifying and managing the imbalances of demand for and supply of gates in an early stage grows due to the higher occupation rate of gates compared to previous years at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (AAS). Capacity planners need computational tools for capacity analyses to face the complex decision making process on gate infrastructure and procedures. Current methods described in literature for the flight-to-gate assignment problem are reviewed.

Subsequently, the most appropriate method for capacity planning on tactical level is chosen and reasoned. Since the flight-to-gate assignment problem has the characteristics of a NPhard class of problem there is no known algorithm for finding the optimal solution within a polynomial-bounded amount of time. Several attempts to find sub-optimal solutions to the flight-to-gate assignment problem are made and described in literature, however practical usability and tests with a large set of data is missing. Available commercial tools are based on the rule-based technique and a heuristics scheduling method to find a near-optimal solution. Based on the arguments described in the previous two sentences it is suggested to use the rule-based technique with a heuristic method for the decision support tool at AAS.

Download PDF

 

New Berlin Brandenburg Airport. Good Things Come to Those Who Wait?

brandenburg_airport_berlin_germany-300x159Berlin’s airport system is undergoing massive transformation – three airports are being merged into one. The new Berlin Brandenburg Airport BER “Willy Brandt,” blazoned as hub for the capital region, will replace the existing multi-airport system presumably in 2013. Thus, the spatial economic concept pursued by regional and local planning authorities supported by Berlin’s airport authority FBB aims at a strategically integrated axis from the new BER airport to Berlin’s inner city and its new main train station. But how can sustainable development in the airport vicinity be encouraged in terms of urban quality, connectivity, economic balance, green development and quality of life? The article will give an overview of the airport related development in Berlin Brandenburg and introduce the pilot project “fAIRleben – Sustainable development in close proximity to an infrastructure mega project”

Download PDF

Impact of Price Regulation on Airport Charges

priceAirport Charges and Price Regulation in Germany

As part of the master program Transport and Supply Chain Management (TSCM) at VU University in Amsterdam I did a thesis research concerning the impact of price regulation on airport charges.The research was aimed to provide an answer to the literature discussion whether airports have the incentive to charge excessive tariffs and if they do so whether price regulation is the right method to avoid this incentive. Results and insights gained from the thesis research will be treated in this article.
Download PDF

 

Airports Developing Air Services for Cargo versus Passenger Airlines

klm-cargoOver the years Air Service Development has developed into a valuable tool for airports to keep their fate into their own hands. By actively providing air service analyses to airlines,airports are able to expand their client and route portfolio. Besides actively targeting passenger airlines also cargo airlines are being targeted by airports. At the yearly held World Route Development Forum airlines are approached by airports in attempts to convince airlines of flying to their respective airports. This paper provides an overview of the differences in approaching cargo airlines versus passenger airlines. Besides, for sure, cargo plays a contributing role in the revenue generation of passenger airlines, once a passenger airline has decided to start operating a route. The majority of the information provided is from experience of the author, having done passenger and cargo air service development for airports, amongst others: Amsterdam, New Delhi and Cologne Bonn.

Download PDF

Assessing the Efficacy of Dynamic Adaptive Airport Planning

planningAirport Strategic Planning focuses on the development of plans for the medium–term and long-term development of an airport. Strategic planning can be done in many different ways. For airports, the dominant approach is Airport Master Planning, which results in a static plan that fails if the future turns out to deviate from the future anticipated during the development of the plan. To better cope with uncertainty, flexibility and adaptivity in the plans is necessary. However, how efficacious are such adaptive plans as compared to the more traditional static rigid plans? Using computational techniques, we find that only in a very narrow range of plausible futures a rigid plan performs better than the adaptive plan.
Download PDF

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 26 other followers

%d bloggers like this: